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When to Use In-Text Citations and References

Sept. 2, 2022, 8:21 a.m. by yewogley

Biological Motivation



In-text citations are a common way of referencing a source. In APA style, authors should cite the first few words of the source, which will be the title. The title will be italicized if the source is italicized in the References list. They should also put the source's original title in quotation marks.

Common knowledge

The concept of common knowledge is often confused with a universal rule. While the definition of common knowledge can vary, it is generally regarded as information that a general audience will accept without significant qualification or skepticism. When in doubt, writers should refer to a credible source.

In addition, the concept of common knowledge should not be used to justify excessive reliance on sources. Below are some guidelines to help me write my paper and follow when determining whether a fact is a common knowledge:

Common knowledge is information that most people know without citing a source. This includes things like common knowledge about climate change. For example, global warming is a problem caused by human activity. Therefore, you do not need to cite sources on global warming because the vast majority of readers already accept this as common knowledge.

Signal phrases

Signal phrases are a great way to introduce a source's argument or quote. They establish the authority of the source while at the same time avoiding misrepresentations. The choice of words in a signal phrase often determines the character of an author's position.

Signal phrases help avoid plagiarism and improve the quality of writing. They also help you to change your sentence structure. Here are some examples:

Young and Robinson (2013) mention that over 50% of U.S. adults play video games and that 21% of them do so daily.

The signal phrase is a sentence or two that tells the reader that the information that follows is a quotation. The verb should match the tone of the content. Moreover, it should match the author's credentials and the source's title.


When writing a paper, one of the most important parts of an assignment is citing sources correctly. There are several methods for doing this. One of the most common is paraphrasing, which means restating the idea or text of another author in your own words. While paraphrasing is generally less formal than direct quoting, it still requires a parenthetical citation. When citing paraphrased information, you should always include the author's name, date, and the source page number.

Citing sources correctly is important to ensure that your paper is free of plagiarism. The APA style recommends using page numbers when paraphrasing because page numbers help readers find the source's original text. However, you should consult with your instructor to ensure that this style of citation is acceptable for your coursework.

In-text citations

When citing sources, you can either use an in-text citation or a reference list. In-text citations should be as concise as possible. When using a reference list, be sure to include the name of the organization or government that created the document. For example, if a source contains information about solar energy, the company Tesla will be cited as the company that developed the solar panels.

If you're paraphrasing another work, you must give the author's name and date of publication. If you're quoting an article or a book from several authors, use parenthetical citations. You can also use narrative citations.

APA style

In-text citations are used to credit other people's ideas and work. Different academic communities have different systems for citing sources. APA style, for example, uses the author-date system. For example, if Smith & Wexwood reported on an increase in weekly book reading, they should include the year of publication and ampersand inside the parentheses.

When citing a source without an author, use the name of the organization or government, if applicable. For example, if a newspaper article reported on the cost of solar energy, it would be appropriate to include the name of the company and the organization that produced the content. Similarly, if the publication date is unknown, write "n.d." in the in-text citation. Multiple sources should be listed alphabetically, and multiple works by the same author should be separated by a comma.

APA-style in-text citations should always be accompanied by a reference list. This reference list should contain the source information, including the author's last name and the year of publication.