Feb. 21, 2014, 4:23 p.m. by Rosalind Team
A binary heap is a binary tree based data structure that is often used to implement priority queues.
Binary heaps, in turn, can be easily implemented using an array if the underlying tree is a complete binary tree.
The tree nodes have a natural ordering: row by row, starting at the root and moving left to right
within each row. If there are
The goal of this problem is to build a heap from the given array. For this, go from the end to the beginning of a given array and let each element "bubble up".
Source: Algorithms by Dasgupta, Papadimitriou, Vazirani. McGraw-Hill. 2006.
Given: A positive integer
Return: A permuted array
5 1 3 5 7 2
7 5 1 3 2
Since each "bubble up" operation requires only
$O(\log n)$time the running time of this algorithm is $O(n \log n)$. A more careful analysis shows that the running time is in fact just linear.